|Synonyms:||[3r-(3r,5as,6s,8as,9r,10r,12s,12ar**)]-decahydro-3,6,9-trimethyl-3,12-epoxy-12h-pyrano[4,3-j]-1,2-benzodioxepin-10-one;ALPHA BETA ARTEMISININ;ARTEMISINE;ARTEMISIA P E;ARTEMISIA ANNUA;ARTEMISININE;ARTEMISININ;ARTEANNUIN|
Artemisinin is a drug used to treat multi-drug resistant strains of falciparum malaria. The compound (asesquiterpene lactone) is isolated from the plant Artemisia annua. Not all plants of this species contain artemisinin. Apparently it is only produced when the plant is subjected to certain conditions, most likely biotic or abiotic stress. It can be synthesized from artemisinic acid. The drug is derived from a herb used in Chinese traditional medicine, though it is usually chemically modified and combined with other medications.